Thursday, February 22, 2018

ETHA Spring Symposium

On Saturday, February 17, the East Texas Historical Association held a Spring Symposium at The History Center in Diboll. Diboll was founded in 1893 as a company town by timber magnate T.L.L. Temple. One of the civic philanthropies provided to Diboll by Temple Industries is The History Center, which opened in 2003 and which features an excellent museum and archival collection. Indeed, early in my tenure as State Historian, my wife Karon and I came to Diboll to create a blog on The History Center.

Behind the main building of The History Center
is a well-preserved lumber train.

One of the statues on The History Center grounds is of Arthur Temple, Jr.
Standing in front of one of the excellent museum displays
The theme of the ETHA Spring Symposium was "The Presidents Speak Again." Two past presidents of the ETHA, Milton Jordan and Dan Utley, have compiled a book that has just been released by the Stephen F. Austin State University Press: The Presidents Speak: Addresses from the Leadership of the East Texas Historical Association, 2000-2016. Each year, at the ETHA Fall Meeting, the Association President delivers a presidential address, and Jordan and Utley have collected these addresses since 2000. The Presidents Speak was introduced at the 2018 Spring Symposium, and a panel of the presidential contributors was assembled at The History Center to discuss their addresses and to answer questions from the audience. The official presider was Portia Gordon, an ETHA board member and the longtime aide to former ETHA Executive Director Archie McDonald.

Dan Utley and Milton Jordan with their book, The Presidents Speak, which provided the theme for the ETHA Spring Symposium

Portia Gore (standing at right), longtime ETHA secretary and board member, presided over the panel.

Milton Jordan at the speaker's stand

Former Texas State Historian Light Cummins (left) with ETHA board member Monte Monroe from Texas Tech
There were about 40 ETHA members in attendance, and we enjoyed refreshments provided by The History Center. Following the presidential panel, we divided into two groups and, led by History Center staff members, we were toured through the museum and the archival collection. As always, it was a pleasure to visit with friends and fellow ETHA members. 

ETHA Executive Assistant Chris Gill makes these events work.

Monday, February 12, 2018

Exploring Texas Workshop Series

On Monday and Tuesday, February 5 and 6, the Texas State Historical Association and the Aldine ISD presented an event for Texas History teachers in the Exploring Texas Workshop Series. This "Encountering Texas History Conference" explored the period 1900 to the present. Charles Nugent, TSHA Adult Program Manager, and M.K. Marshall, K-12 Program Manager, put together a varied program which featured 30 session possibilities for attendees. Numerous breakout sessions covered historical context, teaching strategies, and resources. A number of vendors, from book publishers to the Texas Historical Commission to the Bryan Museum of Galveston, were present, offering door prizes during a reception at the end of the first day.

Charles Nugent and M.K. Marshall at the registration table

More than 60 fourth-grade and seventh-grade Texas history teachers attended the conference. Two teachers from Canyon in the Panhandle had found a TSHA workshop in their area so fruitful that they flew to Houston for this event.


I was asked to address the group on Tuesday morning, from 8:30 to 10:00, on Texas in World War II. The Second World War, of course, was the biggest and most important event of the 20th century. Texas played a key role in America's war effort, from manpower (830,000 Texans, including 12,000 women, served in the military) to combat exploits (36 Texans earned the Medal of Honor, including Audie Murphy - America's most decorated soldier - and submarine commander Sam Dealey - America's most decorated sailor) to the development of the world's largest petrochemical industry. Indeed, Texas oil production fueled the Allied war machine. Upper level leadership included such Texas natives as Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe, Admiral Chester Numitz, Naval Commander of the Pacific, Gen. Ira Eaker, commander of the 8th Air Force in Europe, and Gen. Claire Chennault, founder of the famed Flying Tigers, as well as Col. Oveta Culp Hobby, commander of the Women's Army Corps . More than 150 generals and 12 admirals were from Texas. Texas A&M College provided more than 20,000 fighting men, including seven Medal of Honor winners. More than 23,000 Texans died from military action, including 900 Aggies. Texas was America's largest training field, with 80 bases developing 20 combat divisions and 1.5 million soldiers, aviators, and sailors. With shipyards and airplane manufacturers and munitions plants, Texas played a significant part in the miracles of war production achieved by American industry.

I brought a number of WW II artifacts to demonstrate classroom possibilities to the teachers, who examined these items carefully at the end of my presentation. These teachers were an unusually responsive audience, and I had a most enjoyable and, I hope, productive session with them.

Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Adventure with John Chisum

A couple of months ago I was contacted by Dana Joseph, editorial director of Cowboys & Indians magazine.  He had learned that I had two books nearing publication that could be of interest to readers of Cowboys & Indians: a biography, John Chisum, Frontier Cattle King (scheduled for release by Eakin Press in February 2018), and Frontier Forts of Texas (Arcadia Publications, with a release date of the first week in March 2018). Dana wanted to include an interview with me in Cowboys & Indians about those two books and my duties and Texas State Historian. I was thrilled, of course, at the opportunity.
John Wayne played the title role in the most famous movie about Chisum.

Dana assigned Chuck Thompson, a noted travel writer and humorist who lives in Oregon, to interview me by telephone. It was a privilege to have an extended conversation with such a successful author. The interview took place on the last day of January. Chuck had done a lot of homework, and early in our interview I realized I was in gifted hands. I know that Chuck is going to make me and my books look good, and I can't wait to read his interview in the next issue of Cowboys & Indians.
Chuck Thompson

The Cowboys & Indians interview was the latest of my adventures with cattle king John Chisum. I first researched and wrote about Chisum for my book, Historic Ranches of the Old West (Eakin Press, 1997). I visited the site of his famous ranch headquarters near Roswell, as well as his home town of Paris, where he is buried. I realized that I had only scratched the surface of this famed rancher of the Old West.
John Chisum

The leading researcher of Chisum was Harwood Hinton, who investigated the cattle king for half a century. Dr. Hinton wrote a masterful article about Chisum, which I found highly beneficial. When I was program chair of a spring meeting of the East Texas Historical Association in Paris, I invited Dr. Hinton to present our keynote on Chisum. His presentation was superb, but he never wrote a full-length biography.

After Dr. Hinton passed away in 2016, his Chisum papers were donated to the Southwest Collection at Texas Tech University. I contacted Tai Kreidler at the Southwest Collection, and he told me that the Hinton papers were not yet catalogued, but that Monte Monroe was in charge of the project. Monte graciously invited me to work with the Hinton materials. I flew to Lubbock, and was met at the airport by Monte and Tai, and at the Southwest Collection reading room Monte had set out the 18 boxes of papers, trial documents, old newspaper clippings, articles, books, and other materials collected by Hinton. I worked all day, and the staff produced a great many copies for me. From time to time during the day Monte brought history students over to meet the Texas State Historian, and I was delighted to interact with these bright young men and women. At the end of the day Monte and Paul Carlson and their wives took me to dinner, before Monte drove me back to the airport. It was a wonderful day with Monte and Tai and Paul - and John Chisum.

Chisum Gravestone in Paris

Prior to working at the Southwest Collection, I had revisited the Aikin Regional Archives and gravesite in Paris. I went to the headquarters site of Chisum's first ranch headquarters in Denton County, and to Trickham in Coleman County, where he located his second ranch. At the Haley Memorial Library in Midland I was introduced to a treasure trove of Chisum material. In New Mexico I examined collections in Santa Fe and Roswell, and I enjoyed a second visit to the famous South Spring ranch headquarters site south of Roswell. I also made a research trip to Eureka Springs, where Chisum died.
With Billy Huckaby, who published my book, Sam Houston, A Study in Leadership, in 2016, and who currently is producing John Chisum, Frontier Cattle King

I finished the book manuscript in December, and Billy Huckaby, owner/director of the Wild Horse Media Group, is producing the biography under the Eakin Press banner. My experiences with Chisum have been a grand adventure, and I hope I've done justice to the great cattleman who launched his remarkable career in Texas.   

Friday, January 12, 2018

First Appearance of 2018

On Thursday evening, January 11, I drove to Tyler for my first State Historian appearance of the new year. I was invited by Johnnie Holley, Past Commander of the Texas Division of the Sons of Confederate Veterans. Johnnie currently is Commander of the SCV Army of the Trans-Mississippi, as well as Lieutenant Commander of Tyler's award-winning Captain James P. Douglas Camp. The Douglas Camp recently was named the outstanding SCV camp in the nation for the second time in the past three years. For several years I've been asked to provide programs at meetings of the Douglas Camp, and it is always a privilege to meet with this standout history organization.

Pledge of Allegiance to Old Glory
In addition to Johnnie Holley's statewide and national leadership roles, his lovely wife, Norma, also has distinguished herself in related activities. Norma Holley is Past State Director of the Order of the Confederate Rose, and currently she serves as Chairman of District VIII of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Dennis Brand is Commander of the Douglas Camp of Tyler, and his wife Rita also was State Director of the Order of the Confederate Rose. The members of the Douglas Camp are highly active in SCV activities, and there is a strong camaraderie among these men of common historical interests.

With Johnnie and Norma Holley
With Camp Commander Dennis Green
Through the years I have delivered numerous programs on Texas in the Civil War at Douglas Camp meetings, but for this occasion I was asked to present my program on "Texas Gunslingers." Aware of the interests of these men, I felt that they would enjoy this program, which features a table full of replica weapons and gun rigs, as well as several Civil War references to weaponry. The audience indeed was responsive, and there were numerous questions from the floor. Afterward I autographed a number of copies of my book, Texas Gunslingers, and as I drove home I reflected upon what a delightful experience I enjoyed with so many fellow history buffs.