Monday, September 11, 2017

Lubbock Cowboy Symposium and Celebration - Plus Historical Bonuses

On Friday and Saturday, September 8 and 9, I participated in the 29th annual Cowboy Symposium and Celebration. Programs, entertainment, and special events were staged in Lubbock's big civic center. And on the field north of the civic center was an array of chuck wagons, plus a few tepees. There also was outdoor entertainment and a parade. On Sunday, September 10, there was a Cowboy Church Service, with live music and appropriate cowboy poetry and a devotional message. As always, Lubbock's Cowboy Symposium and Celebration provided a splendid event built around the iconic Texas cowboy.

Vendor Aisle

Monica Hightower, the lovely and highly efficient boss wrangler of the Symposium, invited the State Historian to provide a program for the fifth consecutive year. She wanted me to continue the theme of Western outlawry which has attracted large audiences during these five years, and I developed "Cow Country Outlaws." Of course, most Cow Country Outlaws were rustlers, and I began the presentation by tracing the Regulator (later Vigilante) movement in America back to the colonial period. By the time open range ranching in the Old West began, rustlers preyed on the livestock. I detailed the methods of theft, as well as the violent retaliation by cattlemen (lynching, lynching, lynching!).
With Monica Hightower, Boss Wrangler of the Cowboy Symposium

Alvin Davis, the Founding Father of the Cowboy Symposium, attended my first presentation shortly after the Friday lunch event celebrated his 90th birthday. I acknowledged Alvin in front of the large crowd that had gathered to hear about Cow Country Outlaws, and the audience responded with an enthusiastic round of applause. Alvin's charming wife announced that she had brought the remaining portions of Alvin's birthday cake, which we all enjoyed.

Alvin Davis, Founding Father of Lubbock's Cowboy Symposium

I presented "Cow Country Outlaws" on both Friday and Saturday afternoons. Also on Friday I emceed a writer's panel. The other author/presenters were Karen Fitzjerrell and Nathan Dahlstrom. The three of us have worked together before, and our hour passed rapidly.
Author Panel: State Historian, Karen Fitzjerell and Nathan Dahlstrom

Two recent former presidents of the West Texas Historical Association,
the State Historian and Marisue Potts

Part of the Friday audience

On my way to Lubbock from my home in Carthage I experienced several historic sites. I departed Carthage on Wednesday so that I could do some research in Midland's Haley Library and Museum. The Haley Library and Museum features the immense research collections of legendary rancher and author J. Evetts Haley. About 20 years ago I visited the Haley Library in search of material about Pink Higgins, and I found excellent sources. On last Thursday I was aided by museum director Pat McDaniel, who assembled a vast array of materials for me to examine for my biographical project about cattle king John Chisum.

It was a long drive from Carthage to West Texas, so on the first night of the trip I stayed in Stanton, which is less than 20 miles from Midland. Fortunately I arrived in time for a visit to the Martin County Museum in Stanton. The museum director, Ruthie Billett, welcomed the State Historian and pointed out all kinds of historical treasures that are on exhibit in this fine museum.
Martin County Historical Museum Director Ruthie Billett
On Thursday afternoon, as I drove from Midland to Lubbock, I took a break in the little town of O'Donnell, where Dan Blocker (the future Hoss Cartwright) graduated from high school. Blocker was born in DeKalb in northeast Texas, but the family later opened a business in O'Donnell. Blocker became a football star at Sul Ross State Teachers College. He taught and coached and served in the army during the Korean War, before pursuing an acting career. In a downtown city park a statue and a historical plaque proudly make the connection between O'Donnell and Hoss from the TV series Bonanza.
Statue of Dan Blocker

On Friday morning, before going to Lubbock's civic center, I visited the Ranch Heritage Center Museum. I'm a member of the Ranch Heritage Association, and I recently published an article on Shanghai Pierce in the RHC publication, the Ranch Record. I had learned that there was a new exhibit on cattle rustling, which I wanted to visit. before delivering my program on "Cow Country Outlaws." While there I visited the gift shop, where I had the pleasure of autographing several of my books on display. And before leaving I could not resist walking through the superb collection of ranch buildings that have been assembled outside. Touring the Ranch Heritage Center Museum is perfect prep for attending the National Cowboy Symposium. 
The Ranch Heritage Center longhorn herd
1838 Pioneer cabin

XIT Bunkhouse

JAs Water Tank

Sunday, September 3, 2017

Back to School

During the second week in August the Texas State Historical Association sponsored two conferences in its Exploring Texas Workshop Series. Designed to bring content material to Texas history teachers, these two conferences were scheduled to be of assistance on the eve of the beginning of fall classes. Charles Nugent, Director of Adult Education Programs for the TSHA, was even busier than usual in lining up speakers and organizing activities for three days of conferences in two locations within a four-day period.
Fred Cooper, a fellow presenter who has a new book which features several eight-minute classroom plays for Texas history.

The week's first conference was held on Monday and Tuesday, August 7 and 8, at the Region 10 Education Service Center in Richardson. Region 10 co-sponsored the conference, which covered the period Prehistory to 1835. More than 100 teachers signed up for the conference, and Charles Nugent assembled presenters for more than 30 breakout sessions and addresses to the assembled group. 

I was asked to lead off the conference with a keynote address I called, "Dios y Tejas: The Spanish in Texas." My program was scheduled from 8:30 to 10:00 on Monday morning, and I brought a number of props. I drove to Richardson from Carthage on Sunday afternoon, and I went to the Region 10 Education Center, because Charles Nugent had arranged for the facility to be opened that evening for those of us who needed an early setup opportunity. On Monday morning I arrived about eight o'clock and, already prepared, I had time to meet with the teachers as they entered the room. I found out what schools they were from and how long they had been teaching.

I was delighted with the topic I was assigned. At the start of every semester at Panola College I lectured at length about the Spanish in Texas. For three-fifths of recorded Texas history, from the early 1500s to the early 1800s, principal control of Texas was in the hands of Spain. The largest battle ever fought on Texas soil - the Battle of Medina - was won by a Spanish army. From conquistadores to Franciscan missionaries, from longhorn cattle to hard-riding vaqueros, from Catholicism to the Spanish language, the Spanish made an indelible imprint on the rich history and culture - and future - of the Lone Star State.

I drove home after my talk, because I had only two days to prepare for my next conference, in Austin at the Lorenzo de Zavalla Texas State Archives and Library Building. Every time I approach the stately structure I take time to read the bold inscription on the front of the building. From the first Texas State Constitution:

        All Political Power is inherent in the People and all Free Governments are founded on their authority and instituted for their benefit.
State Archives Building

I also enjoy entering the building in the shadow of the statue of Texas icon Sam Houston, clad in his Masonic regalia.

On several occasions in the past I had researched at the State Archives, but I had never presented a program there. On the second floor is an education suite which accommodated our group. I was scheduled to speak at one o'clock, and I arrived in time to share a box lunch which Charles Nugent had arranged. A grant from Humanities Texas supported this one-day conference, which was co-sponsored by the TSHA, the General Land Office of Texas, the Texas State Archives and Library, and the Texas Capitol Visitor Center.   

Left to Right: Buck Cole, General Land Office; Kyle Schlafey, Texas Capitol Visitors Center; Charles Nugent, TSHA

My topic was "The Texas Revolution," always an exciting subject to share with teachers and students. I brought poster/diagrams, coonskin caps, and Bowie knives, and I managed to squeeze the subject into one hour - barely. I wished the teachers well during the coming school year, and for the second time in three days I headed toward Carthage. 


Wednesday, August 23, 2017

A Busy Saturday in Carthage

I've been on the road the past few weeks delivering Texas State Historian programs to a variety of groups around the Lone Star State. I finally returned home to Carthage on Thursday evening, August 10, but a couple of key events awaited the State Historian.

This weekend the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame celebrated the 20th anniversary of the Carthage museum. Tommie Ritter Smith, a relative of Tex Ritter, obtained a large cache of memorabilia from the family in the 1990s and launched the Tex Ritter Museum in the Panola County Chamber of Commerce building. With community cooperation she expanded the museum to the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame, soon housed  in a superb new facility. Carthage is a fitting home for the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame, because Panola County is the only county in the United States with two natives - Tex Ritter and Jim Reeves - who are members of Nashville's Country Music Hall of Fame. The charter inductees in 1998 were Tex Ritter, Jim Reeves, Willie Nelson, Gene Autry, Cindy Walker, and Joe Allison.
With Tommie Ritter Smith
Pat Browning at his historic log cabin
The 20th Annual Texas Country Music Hall of Fame Weekend included the John Ritter Tribute Showcase on Friday night, August 11, the Tex Ritter Roundup on Saturday morning, the annual Texas Country Music Hall of Fame Induction Show on Saturday night, and a Sunday morning cowboy church service. It has been my privilege to serve as a board member since the museum's inception, and each year I write the biographical sketches of the new inductees for the program.

But on Saturday afternoon I had another engagement as well. For the past nine years a hamburger social and two-hour coaches' interview program has been held on the Saturday just preceding football season. The event is sponsored by Pat Browning, longtime coach and administrator in Carthage, and by Jerry Hanszen, owner of KGAS Radio, which broadcasts CHS Bulldog football games, as well as the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame Weekend programs. This annual event is held at Pat's 19th-century log cabin in the country. 

KGAS Sportscaster Larry Allen with former coach Benny Mitchell

During this nine-year period, Coach Scott Surratt has led the CHS Bulldogs to five state championships, including three in a row: 2008-2009-2010, as well as 2013 and 2016. Coach Surratt was at Pat's cabin, along with members of his staff, numerous coaches from other high schools, and former coaches. Early in my career I was head football coach at Anna High School and at Waskom High School, so I fell into the former coach category. 
On the air with Clay Ilo

But I also was asked to lead off the two-hour broadcast with a historical segment on Texas high school football. I was delighted with the assignment, and I brought leather helmets, ancient jerseys, and other display items, since the program was being videotaped. Part of my historic focus was upon the coaches who have won three consecutive state championships: there are only four, besides Coach Surratt who, with five state titles, is rapidly attaining legendary status. I was followed on the broadcast by Coach Andrea McCray of Panola College, whose volleyball team was ranked Number One in the nation throughout most of the 2016 season.
Coach Amber McCray and two of her Panola Volleyball players

An hour after the broadcast I headed for the Carthage Civic Center, where the 1,900-seat auditorium was sold out. Again it was my pleasure to reminisce for a moment over KGAS Radio about the past 20 years. I visited with Tommie Ritter Smith, and I had a quick hello with Linda Davis, a graduate of Carthage High School who was in my class at Panola College, before moving to Nashville to begin a stellar career in Country Music. A Grammy-winning singer, Linda was inducted into the Texas Country Music Hall of Fame in 2009.
There was a sell-out crowd at the Carthage Civic Center

Tracy Byrd, a 2015 inductee, was emcee for the night, and he opened the show with a terrific singing performance. Another featured performer was T. G. Shepard, who also introduced his talented wife, Kelly Lang. Tracy Pitcox of Brady was presented as 2017 Disc Jockey Hall of Fame Inductee. In Brady Tracy owns Heart of Texas Records, Heart of Texas Recording Studio, and Heart of Texas Events Center - where I was invited to present a State Historian program in 2013. The 2017 Pioneer Award was presented to Mo Jelandarzedah, owner of Mo's Place in Katy.
Linda Davis
Emcee and 2015 Inductee Tracy Byrd
Tracy Pitcox

The 2017 Hall of Fame Inductees were Bobbie Lee Nelson, a gifted pianist who is the older sister of Willie Nelson and who tours and records with Willie, and Kenny Rogers. A renowned performer, Kenny has sold more than 100 million records worldwide, he starred in several TV movies as "The Gambler," and the list of his musical awards is staggering. In 2016 he launched The Gambler's Last Deal, a farewell tour in which he is accompanied onstage by lovely Linda Davis. Kenny's performance electrified the Hall of Fame crowd.  

TG Shepard and Tommie Ritter Smith
Bobbie Lee Nelson
The Gambler's Last Deal

Wednesday, August 9, 2017

A Weekend of Museums and the Texas Rangers Heritage Center

Several months ago I was invited by Dr. Jody Ginn, Board Member and Historical Consultant of the Former Texas Rangers Association, to present a program at a day-long conference on Texas Rangers on Saturday, August 5. The conference was to be held at the new Texas Rangers Heritage Center, a work in progress on the eastern outskirts of Fredericksburg. I was delighted to add the presence of the State Historian to a conference on the iconic Texas Rangers.

On my way to Fredericksburg, I spent Thursday night in Lampasas, visiting with my sister, Judy O'Neal Smith, and other relatives in the area. Judy is an active member of the local DRT chapter and of the Lampasas County Museum Board. I've visited the museum on numerous occasions - Lampasas was the home town of our mother and grandparents - and there are many historical treasures on display there. But the museum has been closed for the past several months, undergoing renovations by museum professionals. When Judy and I entered the recently re-opened museum, which is housed in a venerable commercial building in downtown Lampasas, I was astonished at the transformation. Always worth seeing, the Lampasas County Museum now is markedly improved and is a treat for history buffs and other visitors.
Lampasas County Museum

Museum Gift Shop


With my sister, Judy O'Neal Smith
Departing Lampasas for Fredericksburg, I reached Llano at mid-day. I stopped to tour the superb courthouse, built in 1892. Indeed, on the Traveling Texas History Courses I conducted for 20 years out of Panola College, I always toured my students through Llano, so that they could see the courthouse, the impressive old jail, and other excellent examples of historic architecture. As I looked around the courthouse, I examined the historic photographs displayed along the walls of the main floor. A security guard, who turned out to be a native of Llano, cordially inquired about my visit. When I told him I was the Texas State Historian, he immediately marched me into the office of the County Judge, Mary S. Cunningham, introducing me as a visiting state official.
JoAnn McDougall, Director of the Llano County Museum
Pioneer cabin on the museum grounds
Historic Llano jail

The Llano County Courthouse boasts a fine collection of historic photos

Encouraged by my reception, I next drove to the Llano County Museum, which I had never before visited. I introduced myself to Museum Director JoAnn McDougall, who proudly showed me various highlights of the displays. I asked questions about local history, and JoAnn responded with enthusiasm and a great deal of information. Llano is fortunate to have such a charming and knowledgeable native daughter in charge of the community's historic repository.
After arriving in Fredericksburg later on Friday afternoon, I paid a quick visit to a fine local museum, Fort Martin Scott, which is the only one of the original line of Texas frontier forts which still stands. Established in 1848, the fort is well-maintained and stands just west of the Texas Rangers Heritage Center.  

Entrance to Fort Martin Scott
Company Barracks
Officers' Quarters
Guard House
 On Saturday morning, when I drove into the spacious parking lot of the new Texas Rangers Heritage Center, a splendid Ranger group statue immediately caught my eye. Nearby, Ranger re-enactors from every historic period had erected an encampment, complete with displays from a 19th-century cannon to a Thompson machine gun (the famous "tommy gun" of the Bonnie and Clyde era).
Texas Rangers Heritage Center Pavilion

Other impressive weapon collections were displayed beneath the handsome pavilion where the conference took place. More than 120 attendees included retired Rangers, Ranger descendants, and current Texas Rangers, and it was a privilege for me to meet these men and women.

Fellow presenters Donaly Brice and Chuck Parsons

Jody Ginn introduced the first of six speakers, Donaly Brice, retired state archivist and author of The Great Comanche Raid. Each speaker was allowed 40 minutes, and Donaly spoke with great authority on the dramatic 1840 event. I was up next, presenting a program on "Texas Rangers and the Evolution of the Revolving Pistol." I focused on the period from 1844 through 1875, when Rangers were defenders of the Texas frontier. During this era Texas Rangers served as horseback warriors against Comanche and Kiowa raiders, as well as against Mexican bandidos along the Rio Grande border. Not until the frontier was secured did the Texas Rangers become a law enforcement body. I used a number of replica pistols and gun rigs to illustrate this program. The audience was ideal for my topic, and I greatly appreciated the response during and after my presentation.

Celebrated Texas Ranger Ray Martinez and Joe Davis,
President of the Former Texas Rangers Foundation
Ranger Re-enactors
With Dr. Jody Ginn
I was followed by Dr. Richard McCaslin with a program on famed Ranger leader John S. "Rip" Ford. After a delicious catered lunch of Bar B Q, programs were presented by Chuck Parsons on Ranger Captain John Hughes, by Dr. Harold Weiss on Captain Bill McDonald, and by Dr. James Kearney on the Stanford-Townsend Feud. A panel concluded the conference.  

Speaking with Ranger historian Harold Weiss